Ombudsperson for the Province of British Columbia
Kim Carter has a broad background in criminal, international and administrative law. She has appeared as counsel before the Federal Court of Canada, the Court Martial Appeal Court of Canada and the Supreme Court of Canada.
She attended Glendon College at York University for an undergraduate degree; received her law degree from Osgoode Hall Law School in 1979 and completed her Master’s of Law at the University of Ottawa in 2005.
Kim served as a member of the Canadian Forces Reserves from 1975 to 1981 as a logistics officer. After her call to the bar in Ontario she transferred to the regular force as a legal officer. In addition to providing legal advice on a wide range of administrative issues, she acted variously as defence counsel, prosecutor and appellate counsel. She was the Director of International Law for the Canadian Forces from 1991 to 1995 and acted as Senior Canadian Forces Counsel during the Somalia Commission of Inquiry.
She has worked in Canada and overseas in many capacities including as leader of the Canadian War Crimes Investigation Team responsible for conducting on-site war crimes investigations in the Former Republics of Yugoslavia for the United Nations Commission of Experts in 1993. She was also a member of the Canadian delegation during negotiating sessions for the International Criminal Court in New York.
In 1999, then-Colonel Carter was appointed the first independent Director of Military Prosecutions for the Canadian Forces. In 2001 she was appointed by Governor-in-Council as a military judge and in 2002 became Canada’s first female Chief Military Judge until her retirement from the Canadian Forces in 2006.
Kim was appointed Ombudsman for the Province of British Columbia on May 15, 2006 for a six-year term and she was reappointed for an unprecedented second term by the Legislative Assembly on May 9, 2012. As Ombudsperson, Kim has introduced an innovative early resolution program to assist in achieving fair and timely resolutions for individuals and authorities as well as establishing an active systemic investigation team that has produced a number of public reports on areas ranging from lottery prize security to home and community care programs for seniors.